Basic Color Terms
When you're thinking about choosing interior paint colors, it's always a good idea to review a few basic color terms. Incorporating color wheel ideas can help you imagine your house color schemes more easily.
The Color Wheel
The color wheel identifies which color family interior paint colors belong to and how they relate to each other. Color wheels are important to help you coordinate the look of your home. Read more about using the color wheel in our guide on choosing paint colors.
All colors, except white, come from the primary colors: blue, yellow and red.
Mix equal amounts of two primary colors to create secondary colors. The results are violet (red and blue), green (blue and yellow) and orange (red and yellow).
Mix one primary color with larger amounts of another primary color to create tertiary colors. For example, mix one part blue with two parts red to make red-violet.
Other Color Terms
- The hue of a color is the basic color. For example, blue is the hue for both light blue and dark blue.
- Tone is changed by adding white and black (gray) to a color. Tone makes colors more pleasing to look at than pure pigment.
- The value of color describes the amount of white or black in the color. The value ranges from light to dark on a grayscale.
- The saturation of a color refers to its strength or weakness in different light. Think about it in terms of bright or dull.